June 6, 2022
Having acne can be very frustrating and upsetting, not to mention just trying to prevent acne in the first place. It can also have a big impact on your self-confidence. Treating acne often needs to be a multi-faceted approach. Before we discuss treatment, it is important to understand the basics of how and why acne develops.
Most acne is caused by bacteria that lives naturally on our skin. This bacteria is called Cutibacterium acnes (formerly known as propionibacterium acnes). This bacteria can be found deep within our hair follicles, and pores, as well as superficially on the surface. It prefers to be on the face and upper trunk. In order for this bacteria to survive, it uses sebum and cellular debris as nutrients/energy. During times of elevated sebum production (think puberty, hormonal fluctuations such as around menstruation and during pregnancy) or with the blockage of a hair follicle, this bacteria can grow rapidly. An abundance of this bacteria then leads to byproducts that can trigger inflammation. This can then lead to symptoms that we typically think of when discussing acne—red, irritated skin and pustules.
Check out our Esthetician Alison’s video on the difference between breakouts and purging!
Some of the most common at-home treatments for acne include topical treatments such as retinoids, azelaic and salicylic acid, dapsone, and antibiotics. As well as oral medications such as antibiotics, contraceptives, anti-androgen agents, and Isotretinoin (Accutane). There are also in-office treatments such as light therapy, HydraFacials, chemical peels, extraction, and steroid injections that can help.
While the above treatments have been proven and are beneficial, it is also important to consider less traditional and non-medical changes that can also help improve acne.
As mentioned earlier, to prevent acne or treat it, you need to consider a multifaceted approach. It is important to look at possible causes of acne and make the appropriate modifications to get the best control over your acne and then the best results!
If you are struggling with acne, we are always happy to discuss your concerns and formulate a comprehensive plan to help improve your skin. Fill out our appointment form and we’ll be in touch to get you scheduled for a free skincare consultation!